WHAT ARE THE VITAMINS NECESSARY FOR THE ORGANISM?
To understand the fundamental role played by Vitamins in our body, we can ask ourselves what the origin of their name is. It consists of two words: «Vita» means «Life» and «Amin» which is «Substance».
Vitamins are necessary substances for life, they are essential in most metabolic processes. Each of them has a specific function and differentiated from the rest of Vitamins.
Our organism does not produce them by itself, we incorporate them through food, but not all foods contain the amounts necessary to keep our bodies healthy or all people, they need to ingest the same amount.
It depends on the age, sex, weight of the person and other factors such as pregnancies or different diseases.
Hence the importance of vitamin supplements, a way to obtain the necessary vitamins on each occasion and not suffer from deficiencies that could cause lack of vitality, anemia, depression, digestive problems, bone problems or loss of vision among others, depending on the specific lack.
There are several Vitamins that are divided into two groups: the water-soluble ones that are soluble in aqueous elements, are not stored in the body and their excess is eliminated through the urine.
The other type is the fat-soluble ones, those that need a fat medium, are stored in the fatty tissues of the body and are difficult to eliminate.
Vitamins are the precursors of coenzymes from which thousands of enzymes are produced that regulate all the chemical reactions needed by cells.
Now that we know what they are, let’s see 5 Vitamins whose function is essential to keep us healthy.
THE 5 ESSENTIAL VITAMINS FOR OUR ORGANISM
Participates in the formation and maintenance of the bone system, teeth, nails, soft tissue, mucous membranes and skin. It is known as retinol because it produces the pigments in the retina of the eye and keeps it healthy. It is one of those responsible for the proper functioning of the reproductive system, heart, lungs and kidney.
Actually, all the B vitamins are necessary. In the case of Vitamin B12 it keeps the blood at optimal levels, makes red blood cells and is responsible for producing proteins and maintaining the central nervous system.
Its lack can cause anemia, fatigue, loss of muscle mass and lack of memory. A risk group, could be people who have a vegan or vegetarian diet, in case of not balancing their food well.
Vitamin C is known as ascorbic acid. It is a powerful antioxidant. Take care of the health of the gums. It maintains a strong immune system and promotes the healing of wounds. It helps the body absorb Iron.
Protects from premature aging of cells. It is present in the formation of collagen, the maintenance of blood vessels, cartilage and skin.
People who live in countries with little sunlight usually need an extra supply of this vitamin because it is essential to expose sunlight to be able to synthesize it.
It is necessary to achieve a good absorption of calcium and maintain optimal levels of phosphorus in our body. It has an important role in the nervous, muscular and immune system.
It helps the immune system to produce antibodies necessary to fight diseases; it favors the normal functioning of neurological function and the formation of red blood cells. It helps to break down proteins.
Another great antioxidant. It plays an important role in many metabolic processes of the organism. It stimulates the immune system fighting bacteria and viruses.
It prevents the formation of clots in the blood and is necessary for cells to interact with each other and fulfill their multiple functions.
We can not do without vitamins, without them, our development and proper functioning of the organism would not be possible.
They maintain our immune system, protect us from cellular oxidation, facilitate good muscular functioning, are necessary for good vision, a good bone and reproductive system, for the proper functioning of organs, tendons, membranes and ligaments among others.
Sometimes, we can help ourselves with good vitamin supplements to make sure we do not have shortages in special situations.