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HEALTH A-Z

First Aid for Stroke What You Should Do

During a stroke accident, the first thing to do is call the corresponding emergency number, as every passing minute is vital. After that, there are a couple of suggestions that we should follow.

Stroke is due to bleeding in the brain, or may also occur when blood flow does not circulate properly to the brain. As a result, after a few minutes, the brain starts to fail because the neurons don’t get the essential nutrients.

If a someone has had a stroke, immediate medical attention should be sought because it is a serious emergency. The sooner the treatment is given, the better chance of minimizing the damage there will be.

If you are facing a possible LCA, use the FAST test to remember the warning signs:

  • Face: does the person’s face fall off the side when he tries to smile?
  • Arms: is an arm lower when the individual tries to lift both limbs?
  • Speech: can a person repeat a simple sentence? What lisps or is difficult to understand?
  • Time: during a stroke, every minute is important. Call the emergency number immediately.

In addition to these symptoms, there are other signs of a stroke that occur suddenly. Some of them are:

  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the body.
  • Blurred vision or vision loss, particularly of one eye.
  • Severe headache without apparent cause.
  • Dizziness, instability or fainting.

First aid in case of heart attack

If the person is unconscious and does not respond when touched or spoken to, place the person face up and raise the person’s chin with one hand. You also need to check if you breathe by bringing your ear closer to your mouth, listening to your chest, and feeling your breath. If he does not breathe, the resuscitation process must proceed.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a life-saving procedure that is performed when we encounter a victim in cardiac arrest. It can be said that sometimes a first aid course is necessary to know which manoeuvres are to be applied. However, knowing the basic techniques of CPR will be useful for everyone, as an emergency of this kind can happen at the most unexpected time and everyone can be a victim.

The SPC consists of two alternating phases:

  • Chest compressions: these maintain blood circulation.
  • Breathing mouth-to-mouth: it manages to provide oxygen to the victim.

First, we’ll do chest compressions to keep the blood flowing through the organs. To do this, we must kneel next to the patient and place the heel of the hands —the carpal— in the center of the victim’s chest. Then, the heel of the other hand should be placed on the first hand and the fingers intertwined. With a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute, do 30 compressions.

Then we have to do mouth-to-mouth breathing or rescue breaths. Two should be performed and see how the chest is inflated to assess that we are doing it correctly.

What not to do before a STROKE?

Many times, in order to help the victim, we do things that make the situation worse. We should not try to calm the symptoms seen previously, as we will be wasting time if they are signs of a stroke or stroke. Nor should we give any kind of food or drink to the person who may be going through a potential cardiovascular accident.

How to prevent a stroke or stroke?

As always when it comes to health, prevention is a fundamental factor. Some risk factors for a stroke are:

  • Have high blood pressure.
  • Having had a stroke before.
  • Smoke.
  • Diabetes of any type.
  • Suffering from heart disease.
  • Age.

Therefore, the main way to prevent strokes will be to avoid the risk factors mentioned above and also other harmful practices. For example, in addition to avoiding tobacco, it is advisable not to abuse alcohol or self-medicate.

In addition, it is also suggestible to maintain a healthy weight, do daily physical activity —at least 30 minutes— and keep a balanced diet. Another tip is to control blood pressure often, as well as glucose levels and blood cholesterol.

As a final recommendation, it is good to carry out an annual or every six months health check for the elderly. In the event that the doctor has indicated to us a treatment, it must be carried out as he has indicated to us.

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