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HEALTH A-Z

Pregnancy Symptoms, 10 Early Signs That You Might Be Pregnant

The 10 signs and symptoms of pregnancy might appear before the delay of menstruation, but they can be so subtle that only women who are very attentive to their body or who are trying to get pregnant can notice, because for most women, they can go unnoticed. The 10 symptoms you should be aware of are:
  • Pink vaginal discharge.
  • Colic and abdominal bloating.
  • Sensitive and swollen breasts.
  • Easy fatigue.
  • Aversion to strong odors.
  • Humor variations.
  • Nausea, vomiting, or excessive salivation.
  • Dizziness, sleepiness and headache.
  • Increased urge to urinate.
  • Pimples and oily skin.
However, these symptoms should be taken into consideration, especially after the menstrual delay, because they can also be confused with PMS.
Regardless of the outcome of this test, the best way to confirm if you are pregnant is by doing a test homemade pregnancy that you can buy at the pharmacy, that can be done from the 1st day of delay menstrual, or after 14 days of intercourse within the fertile period.

Pregnancy symptoms within the first 7 days

Typical symptoms of early days of pregnancy are the most difficult to identify and are usually more easily identified by women who can identify very subtle differences in their own body:

1- Pink vaginal discharge

When the egg is fertilized, there may be a slight pink discharge, which is actually the normal discharge that the woman has (excess of vaginal mucus) with traces of blood caused by the entry of the sperm into the egg and its displacement to the uterus. This discharge may appear within minutes of the relationship or up to 3 days after intimate contact, period of life of the sperm within the female organism. Sometimes this discharge is only observed when the woman is going to clean up after urinating.

2- Abdominal cramping and bloating

With the fertilized egg, there is an increase of blood flow in the pelvic region, and then the female hormones kick in to preserve the embryo and continue the pregnancy, and this may cause some abdominal discomfort which can be recognized as being a menstrual cramps low to medium intensity. In addition, the woman may still have a small blood loss, similar to menstruation, but in a smaller amount. Abdominal swelling is also one of the first symptoms of pregnancy and it is also caused by the intense pelvic changes that are taking place, appearing more often in the first 7 days to 2 weeks. Increased blood flow and adaptation to uterine growth are the major causes of this mild abdominal swelling, which for some may go unnoticed. Around 7 weeks of gestation the underside of the navel starts to get hard.

Pregnancy symptoms in the first 2 weeks

The symptoms that start to appear around the second week are some of the most typical of pregnancy and can last for several weeks:

3- Sensitive and swollen breasts

In the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman may notice that her breasts are more sensitive, and this is due to the action of hormones that stimulate the mammary glands preparing the woman for breastfeeding. In this way, there is also an increase in breast volume, which begins to have more developed mammary glands to support the baby’s needs after birth. In addition, nipples can also undergo some changes, getting more sensitive and swollen, and the arecola can get darker than normal by increasing blood flow in the region. Some women may even feel very uncomfortable with the simple rubbing of the blouse or bra on the nipple.

4- Easy tiredness

Tiredness is one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy that can be present throughout pregnancy, beginning to appear around the second week. It is normal for this tiredness to increase during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, while the body adapts its entire metabolism to provide the energy necessary for the development of the baby. This type of fatigue is easily identifiable when the woman begins to feel that the tasks that it was previously are becoming very extensive, coming at the end of the day, without energy or needing to sleep more than 10 hours per night to replenish the energy spent.

5- Aversion to strong odors

It is very common that in early pregnancy the woman has an aversion to strong smells, even if they are apparently pleasant, like perfume. Most pregnant women may even vomit after having a strong smell, such as gasoline, cigarettes or cleaning products. In addition, as the smell is altered, some women may also report that there is a change in the taste of food, which becomes more intense and nauseating.

6- Humor variations

In the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman may notice some variations in mood, with no apparent cause. It is very common for the pregnant woman to cry for situations that would not make her cry before she is pregnant and this symptom should remain throughout the pregnancy. This is because the strong hormonal changes, normal pregnancy, can cause an imbalance in the levels of neurotransmitters, leaving the mood more unstable. Understand better why pregnant women become more sensitive.

Symptoms of pregnancy after 1 month

After the first month of gestation, in addition to the delay in menstruation, many women begin to have other characteristic symptoms, such as:

7- Nausea, vomiting and salivation

Nausea and vomiting are common, especially in the morning, and these are some of the best known pregnancy symptoms, which usually arise after the sixth week of gestation and which can last throughout pregnancy. However, nausea does not always need to be accompanied by vomiting, and it is even more frequent that the motion sickness arises and disappears without the woman vomiting, especially in the morning. Associated with these symptoms, excessive salivation can also occur, which ends up making nausea even more uncomfortable for the woman. Thus, although excessive salivation can be maintained throughout gestation, it is common to decrease when nausea improves.

8- Dizziness, sleep and headache

Dizziness and sleep late are symptoms of pregnancy that occur because of falling blood pressure, reduced blood glucose and poor nutrition due to frequent nausea and vomiting. They appear as early as the first 5 weeks of pregnancy, but tend to decrease from the 20th week of gestation. Headache is also common during pregnancy due to hormonal changes, but it is generally weak, though persistent, and often the woman may not even associate this discomfort with gestation.

9- Increased urge to urinate

As the pregnancy progresses, the pregnant woman’s body needs to produce several hormones, such as progesterone, to ensure that the baby develops in a healthy way. When this happens, the bladder muscles become more relaxed and, therefore, it is more difficult to completely empty the urine is within the bladder and, by this, the woman may feel a desire more often to go in the bathroom to urinate.

10- Spines and oily skin

Hormonal changes can lead to the emergence or worsening of blackheads and pimples, so-called scientifically acne, and, therefore, after the first month of pregnancy, the woman may notice an increased oiliness of the skin, which can be controlled with the use of cleaning products, skin and personal hygiene appropriate.

When to take the pregnancy test

The pregnancy test you buy from the pharmacy can be done on the first day of menstrual delay. If the result is negative, an additional 3 to 5 days can be waited, and if the menstruation remains delayed, a new pregnancy test can be performed. If the result is still negative, consider the possibility of doing a blood test to diagnose pregnancy, because this is more trusted, and shows the amount of the hormone Beta HCG, which is only produced during pregnancy. This test may indicate the positive or negative result and also with how many weeks of gestation you are:
  • Up to 25 mIU / mL
  • 4 weeks after last menstruation date: 1,000 mIU / mL
  • 5 weeks after last menstruation date: 3,000 mIU / mL
  • 6 weeks after last menstruation date: 6,000 mIU/ml
  • 7 weeks after last menstruation date: 20,000 mIU / mL
  • 8 to 10 weeks after last menstruation date: 100,000 mIU / mL
However, if even after 10 days of late menstruation the pharmacy pregnancy test is negative, the woman should not be pregnant, but should arrange an appointment with a gynecologist to check the cause of the menstrual delay. See some possible causes in: because menstruation delays. In case of psychological pregnancy all these symptoms may be present and the only way to prove that there is no fetus developing is by testing. If your test was negative on 2 different days, you either want too much or are too afraid to become pregnant, these symptoms may be present. If this is your case, see how to identify and treat psychological pregnancy.
What to do if the result is positive
After confirmation of pregnancy by the urine test, it is advised to take a laboratory pregnancy test because this test indicates the amount of beta HCG hormones present in the blood stream and as soon as possible an appointment should be made with a gynaecologist or obstetrician in order to start the follow-up of the pregnancy. It is important to perform these 2 Tests so that your doctor can compare the results.

When to do the ultrasound

From 5 weeks of pregnancy the doctor may do a transvaginal ultrasound to see the gestational sac and to make sure the pregnancy is developing inside the uterus, because in some cases, you may experience ectopic pregnancy, which is when in spite of the woman being pregnant the baby is developing in the fallopian tubes, which is very serious and puts at risk the woman’s life. If the doctor has not done the ultrasound before, between 8 and 13 weeks of gestation, you should ask for this test to also confirm the gestational age and when the baby should reach 40 weeks, which should be the expected date of delivery. In this exam the baby is still very small and little can be seen, but it is usually very exciting for parents. It is still too early to know the sex of the baby, but if the doctor is suspicious of it’s a boy, it is likely that is, but it is still necessary to confirm at the next ultrasound in the second trimester, around 20 weeks.

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