Measles vaccine stimulates the individual’s immune system by inducing the formation of antibodies against the measles virus, so if the person is exposed to the virus, the body recognizes it and is not infected, being totally protected.
There are 3 versions of this vaccine, these are:
- The Triple viral vaccine (SPR), which protects against measles, mumps, and rubella viruses at the same time.
- Tetraviral vaccine (MMRV), which protects against measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox virus as well.
- The double viral vaccine (RR), which protects against measles and rubella viruses only.
Depending on the country of Latin America, one of these three options is used, and falls within the vaccination scheme for children, which means that it is placed by the health system free of charge. This vaccine is given as an injection from measles-attenuated virus.
What is for:
This vaccine is used to prevent the onset of the measles virus and other viruses depending on whether the vaccine applied is the double viral, tripleviral or tetraviral. By vaccinating the protective effect against these viruses for life.
When and how to get the vaccine:
The measles vaccine is injection, and should be applied to the arm by the doctor or nurse after carefully disinfecting the region where it will be placed with cotton and alcohol. The vaccine should be given as follows::
- Children: single dose between 12 months and 15 months of age, with a booster between 4 and 6 years of age. In the case of the tetra valente vaccine, which also protects against chickenpox, a single dose may be taken between 12 months and 5 years of age. The age will depend on the country where you are.
- Unvaccinated adults: take 1 single dose of the double viral vaccine at a particular health or clinic.
After following this vaccination plan, the protective effect of the vaccine lasts for life and, in the case of double viral or triple viral, can be placed at the same time as the chickenpox vaccine, but in different arms.
The vaccine is usually well tolerated, and the injection region only swells and redens. But in some cases, after the application of the vaccine, can arise symptoms such as itching, loss of appetite, pain, a burning sensation or stinging in the place, arthritis, joint pain, fever can lead to seizures, headache, discomfort or a tingling sensation.
The measles vaccine should not be placed during pregnancy, and it is recommended to wait at least 3 months to try to become pregnant. It should also not be applied in people with:
- The weak immune system such as HIV/AIDS, lupus, cancer, cancer treatment.
- Blood disorders, in the case of leukemia, lymphoma, or any type of malignant neoplasm affecting the bone marrow or lymphatic system.
- Febrile respiratory disease or other febrile infections.
- Active Tuberculosis and.
- In children under 12 months of age.
In addition to this, it is also contraindicated in case of a history of hypersensitivity to the components of the vaccine including gelatin or neomycin.